ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Evaluating Nahoon Beach and Canal Waters in Eastern Cape, South Africa: A Public Health Concern
 
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1
SAMRC Microbial Water Quality Monitoring Centre, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
2
Department of Environmental Science, UNISA Florida Campus, Roodepoort, South Africa
Online publish date: 2018-10-31
Submission date: 2017-11-14
Final revision date: 2018-02-06
Acceptance date: 2018-02-12
 
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ABSTRACT:
Contamination of water resources by pathogens due to ever increasing anthropogenic activities and the related disease burden remains a major concern of water quality globally. This study evaluated the physicochemical and microbiological quality indices of Nahoon Beach and its canal waters in South Africa over a period of 12 months (September 2014 to August 2015). Water samples were collected bi-weekly from 6 sampling points (3 on the beach and 3 on the canal) and analyzed using standard methods. The physicochemical qualities of the beach and canal waters ranged as follows: turbidity 3.3-99.9 NTU, temperature 15-25ºC, pH 7-10, electrical conductivity 30.0–741.7 μS/cm, and total dissolved solids 19-546 mg/l. As for microbial counts of the water samples, Escherichia coli counts ranged in the order of 101-103 CFU/100 ml while Enterococcus counts varied in the order of 101-102 CFU/100 ml. This study underscores the need for the protection of recreational water resources to safeguard public health.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Kingsley Ebomah   
University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, 5700 Alice, South Africa
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485