ORIGINAL RESEARCH
The Effect of Profenofos on the Nutritive Composition of Major Carp for Estimating Maximum Allowable Toxicant Concentration of the Pesticide
Ghazala Ghazla 1  
,  
Salma Sultana 2  
,  
K. A. Al-Ghanim 3  
,  
Shahid Mahboob 2, 3  
 
 
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1
Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2
Department of Zoology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3
Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Online publish date: 2018-11-08
Submission date: 2017-12-05
Final revision date: 2018-02-16
Acceptance date: 2018-02-22
 
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ABSTRACT:
Determining the influence of a sublethal concentration of the organophosphate pesticide profenofos on the proximate composition of muscle in Catla catla, Labeo rohita, and Cirrhinus mrigala was the aim of this study. Three sublethal concentrations of profenofos were given to the fish in three replicates for eight weeks. Moisture content exhibited a rapid increase in C. catla, L. rohita, and C. mrigala, with an increase in the dose of profenofos. Decreases in protein, fat, and carbohydrate contents were recorded against different sublethal doses of profenofos in C. catla, L. rohita, and C. mrigala compared to control fish. Ash contents exhibited no proper order of an increase or decrease in these fish species against the exposure of different doses of profenofos. It has been concluded that the maximum allowable toxicant concentration (MATC) endpoints for protein, fat, ash, and carbohydrate were more sensitive and may be successfully used as a new biomarker for monitoring early changes induced by pesticides. The findings of this study may be helpful for monitoring and regulatory agencies to develop a strategy against these important pollutants.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Shahid Mahboob   
King Saud University, P.O.BOX 2455, College of Science, 11451 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485