An Evaluation of Endemic Exposure of Citizens Living in Near a Gdańsk Phosphatic Fertilizer Plant
E. Raińska1, M. Biziuk1, P. Bode2, P. Długołęcki1, K. Astel1
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1Department of Analytical Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland 2Interfaculty Reactor Institute, Department of Radiochemistry, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2007;16(2):243–250
The impact of the Gdańsk Phosphatic Fertilizer Plant “Fosfory” on citizens living near the plant was examined. Al, As, Au, Br, Ca, Cl, Cu, Dy, I, In, K, La, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, S, Sb, Sm, U, V, Zn were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (IN AA) in hair and toenail clippings collected from 22 persons living in the neighborhood surrounding the plant and from 11 people from the control district. Essential differences in concentrations of elements for the citizens and the control group were evaluated using a non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-test. Significant differences between citizens of the factory neighborhood and the control group were found, for instance, for Mg, Sb, S and V, but it is hard to define if the factory impact exists, and whether it is the basis for these differences. The study was also undertaken to indicate a correlation between hair and nail element content and differences between concentrations of these elements considering sex.