Analysis of Labile Aluminium Form in Grain Size Fractions of Tsunami Deposits in Thailand
A. Zioła-Frankowska1, M. Frankowski1, W. Szczuciński2, J. Siepak1
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1Department of Water and Soil Analysis, Adam Mickiewicz University, Drzymały 24, 60-613 Poznań, Poland
2Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2009;18(1):77–85
Our study presents the results of determining labile aluminium form in samples from the 2004 tsunamiaffected coastal zone of Thailand. The samples were collected from tsunami deposits, beach sediments, sediments underlying the tsunami deposits (pre 2004 tsunami soil), as well as from soils from areas, that were not flooded. The extraction of the labile form of aluminium was performed using 3 mol L-1 HCl in twelve grain size fractions. In the surface layer samples the highest concentrations were determined in the tsunami deposits in fractions <0.063 mm (5850 mg kg-1). The highest determined concentration in the whole set of investigated samples occurred in soil sample in fractions 0.09-0.125 mm (19770 mg kg-1). An increase in concentration of labile aluminium form, along with decreasing grain diameter, was observed in samples from all the studied settings. In general, concentrations were higher in soil samples not affected by the tsunami. This is probably due to steady weathering of minerals during soil forming processes and removal of sediment grain surface coatings potentially enriched in labile Al during high energy transport by tsunami.