Capacity of Landscaping Plants to Accumulate Airborne Particulate Matter in Hangzhou, China
Guo Li 1  
,   Lihua Wang 1  
,   Fengbin Sun 2  
,   Yujie Wang 1  
,   Haitang Wu 1  
,   Zewei Hu 1  
,   Binbin Zhang 1  
,   Lu Yu 1  
,   Hai Yan 1  
,   Feng Shao 1, 3  
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School of Landscape Architecture, Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Hangzhou, China
School of Agriculture, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, China
School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China
Feng Shao   

Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University
Submission date: 2018-08-18
Final revision date: 2018-11-30
Acceptance date: 2018-12-15
Online publication date: 2019-08-09
Publication date: 2019-10-23
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(1):153–161
Plants have a great capacity to absorb airborne particulate matter (PM), which can be used to improve air quality in severely polluted regions. We selected eight common landscaping plants in Hangzhou, China, and determined the different-sized PM adsorption capacities of their leaf surfaces and wax layers using gravimetric analysis. In addition, we used scanning electron microscopy to observe surface microstructures of the leaves to determine relationships between their microstructural characteristics and adsorption capacities. Results showed that the capacity of these eight species to accumulate PM varied markedly, showing obvious differences in particle retention between trees and shrubs. The densities of PM per unit leaf area of the various plants ranged from 12.4 μg/cm2 to 151.8 μg/cm2, with Fatsia japonica > Ilex latifolia > Eriobotrya japonica > Magnolia grandiflora > Rhododendron pulchrum > Cinnamomum camphora > Trifolium repens > Albizia julibrissin. There was a close relationship between surface microstructures of the leaves and their PM adsorption capacities: the rougher the leaf surface and the greater the furrow depth, the better their capacity for PM adsorption, resulting in a greater dustretention capacity. Clearly, understanding retention of PM on different plants can aid in the selection of landscaping plants to reduce urban air pollution.