ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Characterization of Opoka as a Basis for its Use in Wastewater Treatment.
Z. Brogowski1 , G. Renman2*
 
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Warsaw Agriculture University SGGW, Division of Soil Science, Department of Soil Environment,
Rakowiecka 26/30, 02-528 Warsaw, Poland
2 Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering,
Brinellvägen 28, S-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2004;13(1):15–20
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ABSTRACT
Opoka, as a silica-calcite sedimentary rock, occurs in south-eastern Europe and Russia. Stratigraphical studies down to 8 m depth were performed in Bełżec, Poland, where samples were taken for further analyses. Vertical layers represented a heavy-weight opoka consisting of relatively more CaCO3 than the horizontal layers of lightweight opoka dominated by SiO2. Opoka had a mean bulk density of 1.34 g/cm3, a porosity of 44.5 % and a specific surface area of 64 m2/g. Opoka, especially after heated to over 900oC can be used as reactive filter media for phosphorus removal. Maximum sorption capacity was 119.6 g PO4 -P/ kg. Element analysis of the rock did not reveal any anomaly from that expected, and it was concluded that its element content does not devaluate opoka as a sorbent used in ecological wastewater treatment
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485