Chemical Processes of Decontamination in the Treatment of Hazardous Substances
Rade Biocanin1, Selim Sacirovic1, Sonja Ketin2, Stevan Canak1, Nada Vignjevic Djordjevic1, Semsudin Plojovic3, Slobodan Neskovic4
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1State University of Novi Pazar, Vuka Karadzica bb, 36300 Novi Pazar, Serbia
2Faculty of Technical Science, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
3International University of Novi Pazar, Dimitrije Tucovica bb, 36300 Novi Pazar, Serbia
4Faculty of Economics and Management, Cvetna 2, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2015;24(1):427-432
When CB (chemical and biological) armor is applied as protection against CB accidents and CB terrorism and to remove the consequences of contamination, one of the principal activities is performing final decontamination. For this purpose, caporit (calcium hypochlorite) in water solution is, we believe, the most frequently used material. This is an inorganic substance with active chlorine. When solution is properly prepared, it is useful, economical, effective, and applicable for decontamination and desinfection activities. Production of this material consists of finding production materials, collecting them, proper equipment use, quantifying, preparing both the production area and the equipment, solution production, effectiveness control, and, finally, the use of product made. Technology depends on quality and quantity of repro material in disposal, aperature, and equipment, employees' education, business organization, and protective measures during the working process. In terms of highly-toxic chemical and biological contamination it is necessary to perform chemical and biological decontamination as soon as possible.
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