Comparison of Mineralization Dynamics of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid (2,4-D) and 4-Chloro-2-Methylphenoxyacetic Acid (MCPA) in Soils of Different Textures
Mariusz Cycoń1, Alicja Lewandowska2, Zofia Piotrowska-Seget3
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1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia,
Jagiellońska 4, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
2Department of Ecology and Agricultural Environmental Protection, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research
Institute, Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
3Department of Microbiology, University of Silesia, Jagiellońska 28, 40-032 Katowice, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2011;20(2):293–301
The degradation behaviour of 2,4-D and MCPA in four types of soil were determined from measurements of 14CO2 evolution over a period of 100 days. The total 14C-organic volatile compounds evaporated from the soils during the experimental period and the residual 14C in the soils at the end of the incubation period was also determined. The degree of mineralization was different for tested pesticides, and did not exceed 30% for 2,4-D or 46% for MCPA. The greatest mineralization of 2,4-D occurred in sandy soils containing the least amount of organic carbon, while in the case of MCPA, the highest level of mineralization was observed in loamy sand and silt loam soils. Volatilization was the most important mechanism of 2,4-D loss from soils and accounted for 46.6% of the total applied dose for sandy loam soil. The emission of volatile organic substances from MCPA-treated soils was lower, with the maximum value of 10.5% being emitted from silt soil. A significant amount of the introduced radioactive material was recovered as residues. The level of 14C-extractable residues for pesticides was low and ranged from 0.9% to 4.9% of total radioactivity. However, the level of 14Cbound residues was significantly greater and ranged from 14.6% to 43.2% of total radioactivity.