Dynamics of Soil Salinity in Irrigation Areas in South Kazakhstan
Shakhislam Uzakbaevich Laiskhanov1,2, Azimbay Otarov2, Igor Yuryevich Savin3, Samat Isembayevich Tanirbergenov2,4, Zheken Umbetkulovich Mamutov1, Saken Nurzhanuly Duisekov2,4, Arseniy Zhogolev3
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1Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
2U.U. Uspanov Kazakh Research Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Almaty, Kazakhstan
3V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation
4Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Submission date: 2016-01-25
Acceptance date: 2016-01-30
Publication date: 2016-11-24
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2016;25(6):2469–2475
The analysis has been conducted of possibility of determining the extent of soil salinity by indirect and direct decoding of satellite images Pleiades 1A / 1B (in the year of survey) and LANDSATTM (archive). It was found that indirect decoding of salinity based on spectral char-acteristics of vegetation images is strongly dependent on crop growth phase (period of shoot-ing). LANDSAT archive images with normalized soil salinity index (NDSI) allow to develop salinity maps and soil salinity dynamics maps at semi-quantitative level. Based on computer analysis of LANDSAT images it was determined that soil salinity at study object during the pe-riod from 1987 to 2014 has increased due to significant decrease of the area of non-saline soil by 41.5% and increasing of the areas of low and moderately saline soils by 34.9%, also regions with heavily saline soils at 6.6% of total surveyed area have been detected, which previously were absent.