Effects of Deltamethrin and Endosulfan on the Population Growth of Brachionus calyciflorus at Different Algal (Scenedesmus obliquus) Densities
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College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui Polytechnic University, Wuhu, China
Collaborative Innovation Center of Recovery and Reconstruction of Degraded Ecosystem in Wanjiang City Belt, College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, China
Xiao-Ping Xu   

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui Polytechnic University, Wuhu 241000, China, Beijing Middle Road, Wuhu, Anhui Province, China, 241000 Wuhu, China
Submission date: 2017-10-09
Final revision date: 2017-12-14
Acceptance date: 2017-12-23
Online publication date: 2018-08-01
Publication date: 2018-11-20
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(1):407–414
The chronic effects of deltamethrin and endosulfan on non-target organisms have been investigated several times. However, most of these studies were only performed under certain environmental conditions and ignored the effects of food density. In the present study, the effects of deltamethrin (0.3, 0.6, 1.2, and 2.4 mg/L) and endosulfan (0.27, 0.54, 1.08, and 2.16 mg/L) on the population growth of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus were investigated at two densities of Scenedesmus obliquus (1.0×106 and 3.0×106 cells/mL). Compared with the blank control, high levels of deltamethrin and endosulfan significantly decreased the population growth rate and the maximum population density of B. calyciflorus, suggesting that these two chemicals are toxic to rotifers. In comparison to high algal density, the toxic effects of 2.4 mg/L deltamethrin and 2.16 mg/L endosulfan on rotifers were much more obvious at low algal density. The present results show the important role of algal density on influencing the toxicities of deltamethrin and endosulfan to rotifers.