ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Electrochemical Treatment of Actual Textile Indigo Dye Effluent
Dogan Dogan1, Haluk Turkdemir2
 
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1Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education, Faculty of Education,
Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280 Bolu, Turkey
2Department of Chemistry, Science and Art Faculty, Uludag University, 16059 Bursa, Turkey
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012;21(5):1185–1190
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ABSTRACT
Electrochemical methods are being used increasingly as an alternative treatment process for the remediation of textile wastewaters. This study focused mainly on the color removal and chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction of a vat textile dye (CI Vat Blue 1: indigo) from its most polluted actual effluent by electrochemical oxidation. The process was carried out in a batch-type divided electrolytic cell under constant potential using a Pt cage as anode and Pt foil as cathode. It was shown that complete colour removal was achieved in a very short time (16 mins) at pH 2 by applying a constant electrolysis voltage between the platinum electrodes. The repeated experiments indicated that extending the treatment to 40 minutes caused a considerable percentage of COD reduction (46%), occurring mainly due to indigo oxidation. It is concluded that this electrochemical method can be used effectively as a pre-treatment alternative for reducing COD and colour in industrial textile effluents before conventional treatment.
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ISSN:1230-1485