Ergonomics of Workstations and Analysis of the Risks and Diseases Associated with Occupational Poisoning
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Department of Biology, College of Science and Arts – Sajir, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia
ISSTE, University of Carthage, Tunisia
Moêz Smiri   

Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia
Submission date: 2022-09-23
Final revision date: 2022-12-08
Acceptance date: 2023-01-18
Online publication date: 2023-05-18
Publication date: 2023-06-23
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2023;32(4):3299–3307
Measuring the level of poisoning exposure, study and control of the causes of different occupational diseases is very important in the workplace. Treatment of musculoskeletal disorders and allergies is a prerequisite for developing a health conservation program in the workplace. These measurements are carried out using different methods, including information provided by the occupational doctor or nurse in statistics and periodic records or through a survey. Occupational health records provide statistics on occupational diseases and accidents at work in relation to age, seniority, and the number of medical consultations. Herein, professionals and accidents diseases, and their main causes were assessed. More than 63% of the company’s employees aged 20-35 were exposed to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), and 22% of employees exposed to significant levels of alcohol emissions. The most widespread disease in the different work sectors was allergic rhinitis, which had a frequency of 34% for workers performing the gluing activity. The MSDs represented by gestures and postures had high statistics (35% at the scratching post). The sheathing activity has the highest number of employees. Accordingly, it is considered the “red zone” of the company and requires exceptional surveillance.