Functional Distribution of Bacterial Community under Different Land Use Patterns Based on FaProTax Function Prediction
Shichun Liang 1  
,   Jiaojiao Deng 2  
,   Yong Jiang 1  
,   Shijun Wu 2  
,   Yongbin Zhou 2  
,   Wenxu Zhu 2  
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Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection (Guangxi Normal University), Ministry of Education, Guilin, Guangxi, China
College of Forestry, Shenyang Agriculture University, Shenyang, China
Wenxu Zhu   

Shenyang Agriculture University, Dongling Road, 110161, Shenyang, China
Submission date: 2018-11-14
Final revision date: 2019-03-16
Acceptance date: 2019-04-14
Online publication date: 2019-09-10
Publication date: 2020-01-16
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(2):1245–1261
Soil microorganisms play an important role in biogeochemical cycling. The bacterial community functional community profiles across different land use types in the mountainous region of eastern Liaoning Province, China, such as natural secondary forest (Quercus mongolica (QM)), shrub wood (SW), coniferous planation (Larix gmelini (LG), and Pinus koraiensis (PK)), and agricultural land (Zea mays (ZM)) were evaluated using high-throughput sequencing of the bacterial 16S rDNA gene, and predicted based on the FaProTax database. Bacterial functional groups varied across samples under different land use patterns. A total of 53 functional groups were acquired using FaProTaxin accordance with the classification annotation results of 16S rDNA sequences. These functional groups contained 5809 OTUs, accounting for 66.25% of all OTUs. The dominant functions were chemoheterotrophs and aerobicchemoheterotrophy with average relative abundance of 21.69% and 21.01%, respectively. In addition, we detected 15 and 12 ecological function groups related to the carbon and nitrogen cycles, respectively. The bacterial functional groups of ZM were clearly separated from those of PK, LG, QM, and SW, indicating that functional groups of agriculture soil differed from those of forest soils. Furthermore, the bacterial functional groups of LG and PK were obviously separated from those of QM and SW, suggesting that functional groups of broad leaf forest differed from those of coniferous forests. Also, we analyzed the main factors that influence soil bacterial community functional groups under different land use patterns. It was found that soil environmental conditions, especially soil pH, NH4+-N, and NO3--N content,and strongly influenced the distribution of functional groups about carbon and nitrogen cycles in bacterial communities. It is of great significance to provide a scientific basis for the sustainable utilization of soil in northeastern China.