Household Solid Waste Composition Focusing on Hazardous Waste
Dana Adamcová1, Magdalena Daria Vaverková1, Bohdan Stejskal1, Eliška Břoušková2
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1Department of Applied and Landscape Ecology, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno,
Zemědělská 1, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
2Department of Morphology, Physiology and Animal Genetics, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno,
Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Submission date: 2015-05-23
Final revision date: 2015-12-07
Acceptance date: 2015-12-15
Publication date: 2016-03-17
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2016;25(2):487–493
Internationally, almost 70% of municipal solid waste is disposed of in landfills and may contain hazardous substances in the form of paints, vehicle maintenance products, mercury-containing waste, pharmaceuticals, batteries, and many other products. The present study has attempted to address the problem of hazardous waste in the context of municipal solid waste generated in a typical urban scenario. The study was conducted in year 2013. The sorting of the waste was performed manually. Determining the quantity of hazardous and potentially hazardous ingredients in household waste was carried out on the 10 samples of the collection from the cities of Kroměříž (City 1) and Brno (City 2). Results revealed that the share of household hazardous waste found in Kuchyňky landfi ll was 2.047% of the total municipal solid waste stream. The results are based on actual measurements, where the percentage of household hazardous waste has been estimated based on sampling in a municipal landfill.