Influence of Aleyrodidae Fly Population on Cotton Crop Diseases under Different Environmental Conditions
Mazhar Abbas1, M. Afzal Qamar2, S. Ehtisham-ul-Haque3, M. Kamran Rafique3, Aneela Anwar4, Nasir Masood5, M. Asif Tahir6, Numrah Nisar7, Munawar Iqbal8
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1Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
2Govt. Postgraduate College, Samanabad, Faisalabad
3Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang, Pakistan
4Department of Basic Sciences and Humanity, University of Engineering, KSK G. T Road Lahore, Lahore
5COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Vehari 61100, Pakistan
6Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
7Department of Environmental Sciences, Lahore College for Women University Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
8Department of Chemistry, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Submission date: 2016-03-11
Final revision date: 2016-06-22
Acceptance date: 2016-06-22
Online publication date: 2017-03-22
Publication date: 2017-03-22
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(2):511–516
Aleyrodidae fly is a vector carrier of various diseases in crops, plants, and vegetables. The present investigation evaluated the Aleyrodidae fly population for its relationship with cotton disease under different environmental conditions. Faisalabad, Chiniot, Sargodha, Jhang, Toba Tek Singh (T. T. Singh), and Burewala from Punjab, Pakistan were selected for this study. The Aleyrodidae fly population was found to be significantly different in selected regions, and endosymbionts of Hamiltonella, Rickettsia, Fritschea, Cardinium, Arsenophonus, and Wolbachia were recorded in promotions to the Aleyrodidae fly population. The Hamiltonella co-infection percentages in Faisalabad, Chiniot, Sargodha, Jhang, T. T. Singh, and Burewala were recorded as 51, 28, 75, 8, 23, and 25, respectively, whereas relative abundance percentages of Hamiltonella endosymbiont were recorded as 52, 35, 65, 5, 20, and 21 in Faisalabad, Chiniot, Sargodha, Jhang, T. T. Singh, and Burewala, respectively. A similar trend was observed for Rickettsia, Fritschea, Cardinium, Arsenophonus, and Wolbachia co-infection and relative abundances. Results revealed that the Aleyrodidae fly is a carrier of different endosymbionts, which were significantly different under different environmental conditions.