Investigation of Possible Ecotoxic Effects of Acrylamide on Liver with the Azaserine-Rat Model
Erkan Kalıpcı1, Yesim Yener2, Hasan Yıldız3, Haydar Oztas2
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1Nevsehir University, Engineering and Arch. Faculty, Environmental Engineering Department, Nevsehir, Turkey
2Konya University, Ahmet Kelesoglu Faculty of Education, Biology Education Department, Konya, Turkey
3Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Science, Biology Department, Antakya, Turkey
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012;21(5):1243–1247
In this study, when acrylamide is taken into the body by nutrition, it was aimed to investigate its ecotoxic and/or carcinogenic effects on the liver. The Azaserine-Rat model developed by Longnecker and Curphey was used in this research, and in total 60 Wistar Albino race male rats were used, including 10 rats in each group. The rats were fed for 16 weeks by adding acrylamide at rates of 5 mg/kg/day and 10 mg/kg/day in drinking water. Moreover, neoplastic structures were formed by azaserine application and its effect on the development of these neoplastic structures was also investigated. As a result of this study, it was determined that ecotoxic and histopathological alterations, together with atypical cells, focuses formed in the livers of the rats in the group to which azaserine was applied and in the livers of the rats in the groups that included 5 and 10 mg/kg/day acrylamide in their drinking water. Moreover, it was found that the development (average focus diameter and focus volume) of neoplastic structures formed with azaserine was increased by 5 and 10 mg/kg/day acrylamide. These results make it possible for the probability of acrylamide to be a cancer initiator in the livers of rats.