Major Impacts from Anthropogenic Activities on Landscape Carrying Capacity of Kuwaiti Coast
Saji Baby1,2, Mahendra S. Nathawat3, Mohammad A. Al-Sarawi4
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1Department of Remote Sensing, Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi - 835215, India
2GEO Environmental Consultation, Hawally, P. O. Box: 677, Al-Surra 4507, Kuwait
3School of Sciences, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi-110068, India
4Kuwait University, Earth and Environmental Sciences Department, Kuwait
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2014;23(1):7–17
The metamorphosis from land cover to land use for urban, industrial, and other socio-economic developments in Kuwait has remarkably evolved the “coastal morphological landscape (CML)” such that the impact has decreased carrying capacity. Information on carrying capacity is vital for decision makers to take immediate steps in preserving the coast. Mitigation and control measures are essentially required to lower human interference and to increase carrying capacity. It is noted that among 12 existing anthropogenic activities commanding the impact on carrying capacity of CML, only 3 were positive, significant, irreversible, direct and indirect, and long term; whereas others were negative, significant, irreversible, direct and indirect, and long term. It was found that all 12 categories of ongoing and future projects would have negative impacts ranging from high (severe) to very high (chronic) levels on carrying capacity of CML, evaluated as significant, irreversible, direct and indirect and long term. The study lists preventive measures that can reduce negative impact to achieve considerable levels of sustainability.