Measurements of Carbon Dioxide Fluxes by Chamber Method at the Rzecin Wetland Ecosystem, Poland
Bogdan H. Chojnicki1*, Maria Michalak1, Manuel Acosta1, Radosław Juszczak1, Jürgen Augustin2, Matthias Drösler3, Janusz Olejnik1
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1Agrometeorology Department, Poznan University of Life Sciences, 60-649 Poznań, Piątkowska 94, Poland
2ZALF, Eberswalder Straße 84, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany
3Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Am Hochanger 6, 85350 Freising, Germany
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2010;19(2):283–291
The assessment of net ecosystem exchange (NEE) and respiration of ecosystem (Reco) of terrestrial ecosystems is necessary to improve our knowledge about the carbon cycle. The aims of this paper were to present reliable measurements of CO2 fluxes of a temperate bog ecosystem located in Poland using a closed dynamic chamber system and to obtain a daily dynamic course of CO2 fluxes over the 2007 vegetation season. Measurements of CO2 fluxes were carried out at Rzecin peatland ecosystem located in northwestern Poland using the set of two chambers (dark and transparent). Reco during the experiment period ranged from 2.65 to 14.76 μmolCO2·m-2·s-1. The daily run of NEE was inversed to PPFD and the values of NEE varied from 0.06 to -11.82 μmolCO2·m-2·s-1. We found differences between NEE and Reco in the wetland ecosystem with respect to term of measurements. The PPFD, air and soil temperatures explain most temporal variability of CO2 fluxes at Rzecin. But vegetation structure, its phenology and water-level depth seem also to play important roles. The chamber technique is a useful tool for determining carbon dioxide exchange between wetland surface and the atmosphere.