Multielement Concentration in Mosses in the Forest Influenced by Industrial Emissions (Niepołomice Forest, S Poland) at the End of the 20th Century
K. Grodzińska 1*, G. Szarek-Łukaszewska 1,
M. Frontasyeva 2, S.S. Pavlov 2, S.F. Gudorina 2
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1 W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Poland
2 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Dubna, Russia
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2005;14(2):165–172
Terrestrial moss (Pleurozium schreberi) was used as a biomonitor in multielement studies aimed to es-timate the present level of contamination of the Niepołomice Forest environment (S Poland), influenced by industrial emissions since the 1950s. The concentrations of 33 elements (life essential – Na, Mg, Al, Cl, Ca, V, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Mo, Rb, Cr, As, Se; non-essential elements strongly toxic – Cd, Pb; others – Sc, Sr, Ag, Cs, Ba, La, Tb, Hf, Ta, W, Au, Th, U, Sm) were determined. The results of this study showed that at the end of the 20th century the Niepołomice Forest was an area with average load of industrial emissions in comparison with mean European values. Various sources of elements (long-range and local emissions, crustal/soil dust, vegetation), which influenced their contents in moss, were discussed. It was found that local emissions and crustal/soil dust were the main sources of elements in P. schreberi in the studied area.