Plateau Mountain Eco-Security Early Warning Research
Tingting Ma1,2, Xiaolei Zhang1, Zhaoping Yang1, Fang Han1, Hui Shi1, Cuirong Wang1,2, Qun Liu1,2
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1Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
Publish date: 2016-05-25
Submission date: 2015-12-11
Acceptance date: 2016-02-02
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2016;25(3):1093–1105
At present, overseas and domestic eco-security early warning research is in the exploratory stage. This paper uses Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture as the research object and constructs an evaluation index system based on the pressure-state-response (P-S-R) conceptual model. This study analyzes eco-security early warning in the study area using the granger causality test model, the entropy weight method, and the matter-element model, and analyzes the present eco-security situation and future development trends in the study area. The author hopes that this study can further enrich eco-security early warning research and provide a scientific reference for ecological security in the study area. The specific research results were as follows:
  1. This article evaluated the plateau mountain ecological security early warning system, and the application of the Granger causality test was further implemented with targeted and objective index system selection, achieving a one-to-one analysis in the results and further enriching the research theory of the importance of eco-security early warning systems.
  2. On the whole, the eco-security situation in the study area is gradually moving in a positive direction, but the low level of overall eco-security continues to cause great pressure.
  3. From 2005 to 2014, the study area gradually attached greater importance to the construction of ecosecurity, but the overall eco-security level is low, and the overall eco-security regulation capacity is insufficient.
  4. The key eco-security pressure in the study area mainly derives from industrial and agricultural development, although the control power is gradually increasing, but the control effect is not obvious, and the contradiction between ecological security and socio-economic development is still very obvious.
  5. The study area is a typical earthquake-prone area, and financial input into the governance of natural geological disasters due to the high frequency of earthquakes is gradually increasing; but the study area still needs to increase its investments.