Seasonal Potential Transmission of Pathogens Associated with Ground Drinking Water
Wiktor Halecki1,2, Wiesław Barabasz3
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1Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development, University of Agriculture,
Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
2Department of Biometry and Forest Productivity, Faculty of Forestry, University of Agriculture in Krakow,
Al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
3Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture,
Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
Submission date: 2016-12-30
Final revision date: 2017-02-13
Acceptance date: 2017-03-29
Online publication date: 2017-10-13
Publication date: 2017-11-07
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(6):2539–2543
The objective of this investigation was to assess the sanitary status of groundwater to ensure hygienic requirement water standards. Pathogens in water may originate from animals and anthropogenic waste. In a semi-rural area microorganisms are significant indicators connected with human activities in the underground water. Notably, our results showed that a more efficient diagnostic group to determine the level of contamination was proteolytic bacteria (p<0.01). Results showed that pathogenic bacteria such as Shigella sp., Salmonella sp., Escherichia coli, and total coliforms were not detected. The highest number of Staphylococcus sp. and fungal spores were found in the spring. Considerable additional research is needed to appropriately measure microbial communities in underground water.