ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Studies on Toxicity and Bioaccumulation of Cu2+ in Alga Scenedesmus obliquus and Its Effect on Life Table Demography of the Rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus
Xiao-Ping Xu 1, 2  
,   Xiao-Fan Yang 1  
,   Xue-Yu Wei 1  
,   Yi-Long Xi 2, 3,   Xing-Ming Wang 2, 4
 
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1
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui Polytechnic University, Wuhu 241000, China
2
Center of Cooperative Innovation for Recovery and Reconstruction of Degraded Ecosystem in Wanjiang Basin Co-founded by Anhui Province and Ministry of Education, Wuhu 241000, China
3
College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
4
School of Earth and Environment, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Xiao-Ping Xu   

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui Polytechnic University, Wuhu 241000, China, Beijing Middle Road, Wuhu, Anhui Province, China, 241000, Wuhu, China
Submission date: 2020-03-23
Final revision date: 2020-05-31
Acceptance date: 2020-06-05
Online publication date: 2020-09-08
Publication date: 2020-11-10
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(1):893–901
 
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ABSTRACT
The algae- rotifer food chain plays a pivotal role in freshwater dynamics, as well as assessing toxicity in aquatic environments. We investigated the changes in algal cell density, photosynthetic pigments, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and Cu2+ bioaccumulation after exposing Scenedesmus obliquus to 3.75, 7.5, 15, 30, and 60 μg/L Cu2+ for 72 h. We also studied the effects of Cu2+-exposed algae on the life table demographic parameters of Brachionus calyciflorus after 48 and 96 h of feeding. The results found that, when compared with the control, 3.75 μg/L Cu2+ significantly increased algal cell density after 48 h, while 60 μg/L Cu2+ significantly reduced algal cell density after 24 h. Increases in exposure time resulted in the chlorophyll-a, chlorophyll-b, and carotenoids showing an initial decrease and then increasing trend when compared to the control. Low concentrations of Cu2+ tended to induce increased SOD activity in algal cells, while high concentrations inhibited SOD activity. With increasing Cu2+ concentration and time, the Cu2+ bioaccumulation in algal cells increased proportionally. The highest bioaccumulation value was 1205 μg/g in 60 μg/L Cu2+ treatment after 72 h of exposure, 376.28% higher than pre-exposure level. Algae in the 3.75 μg/L Cu2+ treatment group significantly inhibited the population growth of B. calyciflorus, algae in the 60 μg/ Cu2+ group had the strongest inhibitory effect on the population growth of rotifers, and algae in the 30 μg/L Cu2+ group significantly increased the offspring mictic rate. The rotifer population produced adaptive responses to Cu2+-exposed algae stress after 96 h of feeding, unlike after 48 h.
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ISSN:1230-1485