Study on Sustainable Development Evaluation of Mountain Scenic Spots Based on Ecological Footprint Composition – Take Chinese Mount Heng as an Example
Tao Li 3
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School of Tourism and Culture, Nanning Normal University, Nanning, 530001, China
College of Marine Culture and Law, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, China
School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, 210023, China
School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan, 430073, China
Submission date: 2022-12-02
Final revision date: 2023-03-24
Acceptance date: 2023-03-27
Online publication date: 2023-07-24
Publication date: 2023-08-11
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2023;32(5):4393–4402
The evaluation of sustainable development in mountain scenic spots can provide reference for the tourism development of in mountain scenic spots. This study takes mountain Heng as a case, collects relevant data through field investigation, and explores the ecological status by combining the tourism ecological footprint model, tourism ecological carrying model and tourism ecological footprint index model. The results show that the tourism ecological footprint of transportation and catering is relatively high. The overall ecological pressure value is -140813.2423 hm2, the tourism ecological footprint index is -6.2477 hm2, the TEFI value is ≤-1, and the sustainable level of tourism development is negative. The ecological footprint of Nanyue tourism area is severely depleted, and the sustainable level of tourism development obviously deviates from the normal track. Based on the loss ratio of ecological footprint account, the paper aims to strengthen the rectifying level of tourism ecology from the aspects of tourist capacity, practitioners, ecological development concept and business model, so as to promote its sustainable development.