Study on Vegetation Concrete Technology for Slope Protection and Greening Engineering
Junfeng Cheng 1, 2  
,   Xiaoyong Luo 1, 2  
,   Zhiyong Shen 1  
,   Xuqiang Guo 1  
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School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, 68 South Shaoshan Rd., Changsha, Hunan, 410075, China
Prefabricated Construction Engineering and Technological Research Center of Hunan Province, 68 South Shaoshan Rd., Changsha, Hunan, 410075, China
Xiaoyong Luo   

Central South University, China
Submission date: 2019-10-30
Final revision date: 2020-04-06
Acceptance date: 2020-04-09
Online publication date: 2020-07-13
Publication date: 2020-08-05
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2020;29(6):4017–4028
In this work, to further investigate the vegetation concrete technology for slope protection, a total of 10 groups mix proportion specimens of porous concrete were designed and constructed. As a result, the impacts of different parameters include the fly ash and silica fume contents on the mechanical properties and porosity as well as the pH value of porous concrete were discussed. Meanwhile, ecomodified soil with resistance to the erosion of rainwater was sprayed on the surface of porous concrete for the survival of native grass growth. In addition, the growth characteristics of the Festuca arundinacea schreb (Chinese grass) within eco-modified soil on the surface of porous concrete were observed and monitored for 8 weeks including the average height, root system development and relative coverage of grass. The results show that the compressive strength and porosity of porous concrete measured after 28 days were at least 13Mpa and 21% respectively, indicating the porous concrete is suitable for the slope protection in practical engineering. Furthermore, the integration of eco-modified soil and porous concrete was successful, and all grass survived in the eco-modified soil and porous concrete environment for the duration of the observation period, and the coverage rate of vegetation reached 96% or above. It was also found that the roots system has permeated the pores of porous concrete and reached the bottom of porous concrete after 8 weeks.