Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Faecal Bacteria in a Moroccan Lagoon
Mouna Hennani1, Mohamed Maanan2, Marc Robin2, Khadija Chedad1, Omar Assobhei1
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1Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology and Environment, Department of biology, Faculty of Science,
University Chouaib Doukkali, El Jadida, Morocco
2Geolittomer Laboratory, UMR 6554 LETG, University of Nantes, Nantes, France
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012;21(3):627–634
The origin and distribution of microbial contamination in Oualidia lagoon were assessed using faecal coliform and streptococci bacteria. The lagoon is used for recreation, oyster farming, and fishing. Samples were collected from 9 different sites, and physicochemical and microbiological analyses were performed monthly during 2 years (October 2003-October 2005). These samples were subjected to bacteriological analysis faecal coliform count and faecal streptococcal count. The physicochemical analysis of the water samples includes pH, temperature, and specific conductance. The bacterial genera were identified on the basis of their morphological and physiological characteristics. The present study confirmed the presence of bacterial indicators of faecal origin at various stations in every stretch of the Oualidia lagoon system. The samples collected from different sites of the lagoon showed wide variations in the counts of bacteria. The Bacterial population varied with seasonal variations in the water body. The Faecal coliform counts increase during the summer months and decrease during winter. The opposite happens for streptococci bacteria, which increase during winter and decrease during the summer, depending on rainfall. Positive correlation was established between faecal coliform and streptococci bacteria. The results of bacteriological analysis of water revealed that the situation is alarming. The Bacteriological analysis of lagoon water indicated that water was polluted by faecal contaminants to the extent that it was unsuitable for recreation and hence needed thorough impoundment.