ORIGINAL RESEARCH
The Effect of the Three-Field Crop Rotation System and Cereal Monoculture on Grain Yield and Quality and the Economic Efficiency of Durum Wheat Production
Andrzej Woźniak 1  
,   Anna Nowak 2  
,   Dorota Gawęda 1  
 
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1
University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Faculty of Agrobioengineering, Department of Herbology and Plant Cultivation Techniques, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
2
University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Faculty of Agrobioengineering, Department of Economics and Agribusiness, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Anna Nowak   

University of Life Sciences in Lublin, ul. Akademicka 13, 20-950, Lublin, Poland
Submission date: 2021-02-03
Final revision date: 2021-03-15
Acceptance date: 2021-03-18
Online publication date: 2021-08-31
 
 
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ABSTRACT
A small-plot field experiment was performed to evaluate the effect of the three-field system of crop rotation and cereal monoculture on grain yield and quality and the economic effectiveness of durum wheat production. The experimental factors were tillage systems (TS): 1) conventional tillage (CT), 2) reduced tillage (RT) and 3) no tillage (NT); crop sequence (CS): 1) crop rotation A: pea – durum wheat – spring barley; 2) crop rotation B: pea – spring wheat – durum wheat; 3) cereal monoculture (CM): spring barley – spring wheat – durum wheat. The highest yield of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) was recorded for crop rotation A, a significantly lower one for crop rotation B, and the lowest for cereal monoculture. The grain yield in CT was also higher than in NT (by 17.3%). The wet gluten content in grain, sedimentation index and the grain weight per volume were to a larger extent dependent on CS than TS, while the content of protein in grain – on TS rather than on CS. From the economic point of view, the best results were recorded for CT of wheat and for crop rotation A: pea – durum wheat – spring wheat. The study also showed that monoculture was not profitable, even with an NT system.
eISSN:2083-5906
ISSN:1230-1485