Vertical Changeability of Physical-Chemical Features of Bottom Sediments in Three Lakes, in Aspect Type of Water Mixis and Intensity of Human Impact
T. Sobczyński1, T. Joniak2
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1Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Water and Soil Analysis, Drzymały 24, 60-613 Poznań, Poland
2Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Biology, Department of Water Protection, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2009;18(6):1093-1099
Variation of the chemical composition of bottom sediments collected from three lakes with different water mixis, morphometric parameters, catchment areas and anthropogenic pressures was analyzed. Sediment samples were characterized by water content and concentrations of organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, iron and aluminium. Statistically significant correlations between the content of organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus were found. In a large and deep lake (dimictic) subjected to limited human impact, the tendency changes of chemical composition along the sediment profile indicates a recent considerable increase in water trophy. In a small mid-forest lake (classified as meromictic), the changes in chemical composition of bottom sediments along with depth point to periodical increases in fertility as a result of wastewater inflow. In a large mid-field lake (polymictic), the analogous variation has indicated disturbances in the mechanism of sediment formation.
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