Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles and Its Combined Process for Diclofenac Degradation under Various Experimental Conditions
Wen Liang 1  
,   Nianqing Zhou 1  
,   Chaomeng Dai 1  
,   Yanping Duan 2  
,   Yaojen Tu 2  
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College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, P.R. China
School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, No. 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234, P.R. China
Chaomeng Dai   

Tongji University, China
Submission date: 2020-04-19
Final revision date: 2020-06-07
Acceptance date: 2020-06-12
Online publication date: 2020-10-16
The use of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) for the purification of contaminated water and soil was investigated for its high potential to remove subsurface contaminants. In this study, the mechanism of diclofenac (DCF) degradation by nZVI and the combined process of nZVI and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are discussed. The results demonstrated that nZVI with acidic conditions had a certain degradation efficiency on DCF, with a removal rate about 30% in a 2-hour reaction at pH 5. The combined process of nZVI and H2O2 could obviously remove DCF, with a removal rate greater than 90% in a 2-hour reaction at pH 5. In nZVI system, under acidic and aerobic conditions, Fe2+ and H2O2 can be generated to form a Fenton-like system. Meanwhile, the release of electrons from nZVI could promote the reductive dechlorination of DCF. In nZVI/H2O2 system, the high removal rate of TOC was also showed the DCF mineralization by the Fenton-like oxidation.