Mathematical Approach to Solving the Problem of Waste-Free Processing of Metallurgical Wastes
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South Kazakhstan University named after M.Auezov, 160000, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Submission date: 2023-10-19
Final revision date: 2024-01-16
Acceptance date: 2024-01-29
Online publication date: 2024-04-19
Corresponding author
Ayaulym Tileuberdi   

South Kazakhstan University named after M.Auezov, 160000, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Every year, the problem of environmental pollution from metallurgical waste is gaining momentum. In particular, these are metallurgical wastes containing residual metals. However, with the help of innovative methods of processing lead-containing slags, they can be turned into valuable resources with minimal impact on the environment. This article discusses the importance of recycling lead-containing slag and describes various methods of recycling. The scientific novelty of the article is to analyze the influence of the content of toxic metals, such as lead, chromium, zinc, and copper, in the products obtained after roasting around the waste storage. The results of the optimization of experimental data allowed to specify the composition of the mixture temperature of the process of ignition of residual and corrosion-protective metals chromium and nickel, with the indicators of dependencies in the three-dimensional model. The results of the mathematical planning of the processing of waste slag and galvanic sludge showed that the recovery of lead reached 93-95%, chromium-94-96% nickel-93%, and copper-90%. The obtained product is identified as a composite material by its elemental composition and microstructure. In the general structure of the surface, firing products are characterized by the presence of the aluminosilicate minerals melilite, merwinite, and ockermanite, as well as calcium monosilicates, in the form of irregular forms of light gray lamellar crystals.
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