An Effective Participatory-Based Method for Dam Social Impact Assessment
Sanaz Tajziehchi1, Seyed Masoud Monavari1, Abdulreza Karbassi2
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1Department of Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch,
Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, P. O. Box 14135-6135, Tehran, Iran
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2012;21(6):1841–1848
construction project, including reservoir dams, along with undeniable positive impacts has always been coupled with inevitable adverse side effects on the environment. Therefore, it is necessary to adopt appropriate managerial measures for mitigating the adverse effects and preventing serious disruption to the life of people affected by the project. Accordingly, the current study was carried out with the aim of applying a new method called “Monavari 2001” to assess socio-cultural impacts of the Siah Bishe Dam within constructional and operational phases. For this purpose, a total number of 94 questionnaires were distributed among relevant experts. In order to interpret the questionnaires using SPSS software, all the questions have been coded separately. The obtained results suggest that about 33.7% of total temporary impacts related to the constructional phase are positive, while approximately 66.2% of them are estimated to be negative. Meanwhile, around 80% of the total permanent impacts are positive and the rest are negative. In other words, the long-term positive impacts have dominance over the negative consequences. The current study shows how the Monavari 2001 method can be affective in handling social impact assessment studies.