Bird Community Breeding in Apple Orchards of Central Poland in Relation to Some Habitat and Management Features
J. Wiącek, M. Polak
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Department of Nature Conservation, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033, Lublin, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2008;17(6):951-956
The purpose of this study was to characterize avian community structure and to determine responses of the birds to the management regime of an orchard system in central Poland. The avian assemblages in the apple orchards were shaped by the diversity of the surrounding habitats and the age of trees. The results document the decrease in bird numbers during the breeding season in relation to pesticide use.
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