Chemical Reduction of Nitrate Using Nanoscale Bimetallic Iron/Copper Particles
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School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Subsurface Hydrology and Ecology in Arid Areas of Education Ministry, Chang’an University, Xi’an, China
Submission date: 2017-08-07
Final revision date: 2017-10-06
Acceptance date: 2017-10-09
Online publication date: 2018-04-13
Publication date: 2018-05-30
Corresponding author
Jifeng Guo   

Chang'an University, 126 Yanta Road, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Changan University, 710054 Xian, China
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(5):2023-2028
Nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) as an effective material has been applied to reduce nitrate. Yet NZVI has defects of aggregation and oxidation. To overcome these disadvantages, nanoscale bimetallic iron/copper particles were introduced to reduce nitrate in this work. In this paper, nanoscale bimetallic Fe/Cu particles were prepared by the liquid phase chemical reduction method; the particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD). The effect of prepared particles was evaluated by reducing synthetic nitrate wastewater, and batch experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of initial nitrate concentration and various Cu loading on nitrate reduction by nanoscale bimetallic Fe/Cu particles. The results indicated that nitrate could be completely removed in 20 min reaction by nanoscale bimetallic Fe/Cu particles when Cu loading was 5% and initial nitrate concentration was 80 mg/L. As a result, the nitrate in wastewater was converted into ammonium and nitrogen gas, with nitrite as an intermediate by-product.
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