ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Comparing Estimation Methods for Soil Organic Carbon Storage in Small Karst Watersheds
Zhenming Zhang 1, 2
,  
Yunchao Zhou 2, 3  
,  
Shijie Wang 3, 4
,  
 
 
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1
Forest Resource and Environment Research Center of Guizhou Province, Guizhou University, Guiyang, P.R. China
2
College of Forestry, Guizhou University, Guiyang, P.R. China
3
Puding Karst Ecosystem Research Station of Guizhou Province, Puding, P.R. China
4
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Guiyang, P.R. China
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Yunchao Zhou   

Forest Resource and Environment Research Center of Guizhou Province, Guizhou University, Guizhou Province, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China, 5500025 Guiyang, China
Online publish date: 2018-03-01
Publish date: 2018-03-30
Submission date: 2017-06-22
Final revision date: 2017-09-20
Acceptance date: 2017-09-21
 
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(4):1879–1890
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ABSTRACT
In order to accurately estimate soil organic carbon storage (SOCS), 2,755 soil profiles and 23,536 soil samples were acquired by grid method, followed by a study on the SOCS, soil bulk density (SBD), gravel content (GC), and distribution characteristics of rock coverage (RC) in a small karst watershed (SKC). Then on the basis of soil profile summation, an investigation was done on the applicability of RC/GC-based soil type method, land utilization type method, and aspect method to the estimation of SOCS in SKC at different depths. As shown by the results, the average soil organic carbon content (SOC) in the soil samples ranged from 5.25 to 24.87 g.kg-1, and decreased with the soil depth increasing; the average SBD ranged from 1.17 to 1.41 g.cm-3, which first increased with the soil depth increasing and then tended to be steady; the average GC ranged from 0 to 20.15%, which decreased gradually with the soil depth increasing and finally to zero; the RC ranged from 0 to 86.32% at different sample points. RC and GC greatly affected the estimation of SOCS, so after correction based on RC and GC, the soil type method was adopted for estimation, concluding that SOCS at depths of 0-20 cm, 0-30 cm, and 0-100 cm was 341.82×106 kg, 449.29×106 kg, and 738.351×06 kg, respectively; RC and GC affected white sandy soil the most, as shown by the following SOCS estimated by the land utilization type method: 319.56×106 kg, 416.04×106 kg, and 607.02×106 kg, respectively, at depths of 0-20 cm, 0-30 cm, and 0-100 cm; RC and GC affected wasteland the most, as shown by the following SOCS estimated by the aspect method: 318.64×106 kg, 411.63×106 kg, and 628.46×106 kg, respectively, at depths of 0-20 cm, 0-30 cm, and 0-100 cm; RC and GC affected the SOCS in the south slope the most; in terms of catchment scale, the “vertical stratification + horizontal classification” pattern was expanded to the “land utilization type method” and “aspect method.” For estimating the SOCS in topsoil, the aspect method achieved the best result, while the land utilization type method achieved the best result at a depth of 100 cm.
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