Complex Network Construction and Pattern Recognition of China’s Provincial Low-Carbon Economic Development with Long Time Series: Based on the Detailed Spatial Relationship
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School of Management, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510520, China
Guangzhou Urban Planning & Design Survey Research Institute, Guangzhou 510060, China
Guangdong Marine Development Planning Research Center, Guangzhou 510220, China
Urumqi Land Reserve Center (Urumqi Land Consolidation Center), Urumqi 830091, China
Xiaohui Chen   

School of Management, Guangdong University of Technology, China
Submission date: 2021-05-23
Final revision date: 2021-09-21
Acceptance date: 2021-10-23
Online publication date: 2022-02-14
Publication date: 2022-04-06
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2022;31(3):2131–2148
Low-carbon economic development has become the orientation of high-quality economic construction in the era of climate change. Because it involves multi-dimensional elements and is driven by the concept of regional integration and common development, the development pattern among China’s provinces should show the characteristics of complex networked spatial correlation. However, most of the existing research are for is based on attribute data and combined with traditional spatial econometric models, which cannot describe the complex networked spatial correlation. Concurrently, the network construction is mainly based on undirected-unweighted sparseness, which makes it difficult to truly restore the asymmetric detailed spatial relationship, making the related research about development pattern recognition and its evolution based on the detailed spatial relationship relatively lacking. Therefore, based on the perspective of relational data, this study constructs a multi-dimensional gravity model by using the comprehensive quality of China’s provincial low-carbon economic development, measured by the multi-dimensional evaluation index system and dynamic weight method, and the comprehensive distance based on geography, society, economy, and adjacency. And then the spatial correlation strength among China’s provincial low-carbon economic development is determined, and constructs a directed-weighted complex network. Then, it further explores the inter-provincial detailed spatial relationship of low-carbon economy development from the three dimensions of overall, individual and group, to recognize the development patterns and evolution rules of low-carbon economic development in different provinces, and clarify the development orientation. The results show that, during the study period, the spatial correlation of China’s provincial low-carbon economic development has become increasingly close, showing a complex networked correlation structure with multi-linearity, asymmetry, and geographical proximity as a whole. The division of general structure is consistent with China’s regional economic development strategy. The unbalanced development of China’s provincial low-carbon economy is the result of multi-center drive in the eastern and central regions, and the distance from the network center in the western regions. In general, China’s provincial low-carbon economic development patterns can be roughly divided into spillover, main bridge, auxiliary bridge, and benefit type. In the future, we should make full use of the power source role of spillover provinces, and the bridge support role of bridge provinces to drive the development of benefit provinces. Among them, Chongqing, Shaanxi, Hebei and Sichuan are expected to become new regional growth poles. The research on the inter-provincial spatial correlation effect and development pattern recognition of low-carbon economic development is expected to provide guidance for the sustainable development of low-carbon economy in China.