Concentrations of Some Heavy Metals in Water, Sediment, and Tissues of Pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) from Karataş Lake Related to Physico-Chemical Parameters, Fish Size, and Seasons
Burcu Başyiğit, Selda Tekin-Özan
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Art, Süleyman Demirel University, 32260 Isparta, Turkey
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2013;22(3):633–644
The aim of the current study is to investigate the relationships between physico-chemical parameters, seasons, and fish size to determine levels of some heavy metals in water, sediment, and gills of Sander lucioperca in Karataş Lake, Turkey. Temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, and EC (electrical conductivity) were measured. DORM 3 and DOLT 4 reference material showed good accuracy. In the water, Fe had the highest level, while Cd had the lowest. Generally, heavy metal levels increased in spring. Both positive and negative correlations were detected between their content in water and physico-chemical parameters. Results of the heavy metal levels were compared with national and international water quality guidelines. In sediment, Fe was the highest too. In fish, high levels of heavy metals were found in liver of pikeperch while low levels in muscle and gill samples depended on metal properties. In season, the metal levels were highest in autumn in muscle, in summer in liver, and in winter in gill. Positive and negative relationships were found between metal levels and fish size. Metal concentrations in the muscle of examined fish were compared with Turkish Food Codex and EC standarts.