Environmental Differences between Two Neighboring Regions of Southern Spain
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Department of Statistics and Operational Research, Faculty of Labour Sciences, University of Granada, C/Rector López Argüeta, s/n. Granada, Spain
Department of Statistic and Operational Research, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Campus de Fuente Nueva, s/n. Granada, Spain
Online publish date: 2018-04-13
Publish date: 2018-05-30
Submission date: 2017-06-27
Final revision date: 2017-10-05
Acceptance date: 2017-10-14
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(5):2071–2080
The aim of this paper is to identify the main factors that determine territorial differences between two large neighbouring provinces (Granada and Almería) that each occupy both sides of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in southern Spain. Our analysis produced a prediction model for riverside woodland cover, one of the variables that most strongly characterizes the differences between the two provinces. A general linear model was constructed for spatial analysis (spherical model with REML estimation), taking into account the location of the municipalities (longitude, latitude, and elevation) and other factors related to soil type, vegetation, or woodland cover. Interpolation of spatial data was performed by ordinary kriging. The predictions obtained over a grid of locations enabled patterns in each region to be derived and visualised, with very clear results. The pattern of riverside woodland cover is highly differentiated between the two provinces, despite their presenting adjoining areas.
María Dolores Huete-Morales   
Deparment of Statistic and Operational Research, Rector López Argüeta, s/n, Facultad de Ciencias del Trabajo, 18071 Granada, Spain