Evaluating Nahoon Beach and Canal Waters in Eastern Cape, South Africa: A Public Health Concern
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SAMRC Microbial Water Quality Monitoring Centre, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
Department of Environmental Science, UNISA Florida Campus, Roodepoort, South Africa
Submission date: 2017-11-14
Final revision date: 2018-02-06
Acceptance date: 2018-02-12
Online publication date: 2018-10-31
Publication date: 2019-01-28
Corresponding author
Kingsley Ebomah   

University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, 5700 Alice, South Africa
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(3):1115-1125
Contamination of water resources by pathogens due to ever increasing anthropogenic activities and the related disease burden remains a major concern of water quality globally. This study evaluated the physicochemical and microbiological quality indices of Nahoon Beach and its canal waters in South Africa over a period of 12 months (September 2014 to August 2015). Water samples were collected bi-weekly from 6 sampling points (3 on the beach and 3 on the canal) and analyzed using standard methods. The physicochemical qualities of the beach and canal waters ranged as follows: turbidity 3.3-99.9 NTU, temperature 15-25ºC, pH 7-10, electrical conductivity 30.0–741.7 μS/cm, and total dissolved solids 19-546 mg/l. As for microbial counts of the water samples, Escherichia coli counts ranged in the order of 101-103 CFU/100 ml while Enterococcus counts varied in the order of 101-102 CFU/100 ml. This study underscores the need for the protection of recreational water resources to safeguard public health.
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