Evaluating Nahoon Beach and Canal Waters in Eastern Cape, South Africa: A Public Health Concern
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SAMRC Microbial Water Quality Monitoring Centre, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
Department of Environmental Science, UNISA Florida Campus, Roodepoort, South Africa
Online publish date: 2018-10-31
Submission date: 2017-11-14
Final revision date: 2018-02-06
Acceptance date: 2018-02-12
Contamination of water resources by pathogens due to ever increasing anthropogenic activities and the related disease burden remains a major concern of water quality globally. This study evaluated the physicochemical and microbiological quality indices of Nahoon Beach and its canal waters in South Africa over a period of 12 months (September 2014 to August 2015). Water samples were collected bi-weekly from 6 sampling points (3 on the beach and 3 on the canal) and analyzed using standard methods. The physicochemical qualities of the beach and canal waters ranged as follows: turbidity 3.3-99.9 NTU, temperature 15-25ºC, pH 7-10, electrical conductivity 30.0–741.7 μS/cm, and total dissolved solids 19-546 mg/l. As for microbial counts of the water samples, Escherichia coli counts ranged in the order of 101-103 CFU/100 ml while Enterococcus counts varied in the order of 101-102 CFU/100 ml. This study underscores the need for the protection of recreational water resources to safeguard public health.
Kingsley Ebomah   
University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, 5700 Alice, South Africa