Fixation of the Pupae of Selected Butterfly Species and Factors Affecting their Emerging
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Department of Environmentalism and Biology, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
Mária Babošová   

Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2,, 949 76, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Submission date: 2020-03-06
Final revision date: 2020-06-29
Acceptance date: 2020-06-29
Online publication date: 2020-12-02
Publication date: 2021-02-05
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(2):1521–1529
When breeding butterflies in captivity, it is important to focus on rearing facilities, the choice of healthy population, and the care for the chrysalises. One of the main factors that determine how a butterfly emerges is the fixation of its chrysalis. The study of the butterfly life cycle and emergence from chrysalis was conducted on three butterfly species - the giant owl (Caligo memnon), the common morpho (Morpho peleides), and the indian oakleaf (Kallima inachus), which were the most commercially available species at the time. The aim was to determine the most appropriate type of butterfly chrysalis fixation that would yield the best results with the emergence of the highest numbers of viable imagoes for future breeding in captive conditions. The results of four different types of fixations of the selected butterfly species were compared with each other, and with results obtained from other institutions that breed butterflies.