Influence of Different Uses of the Environment on Chemical and Physical Features of Small Water Ponds
Małgorzata Gałczyńska1, Renata Gamrat2, Krzysztof Pacewicz3
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1Department of General and Ecological Chemistry,
2Department of Protection and Environmental Management,
3Department of Agronomy,
West Pomeranian University of Technology, Słowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2011;20(4):885–894
The water quality of small bodies of water is largely differentiated due to the type of use of the catchment area. The water ponds in agricultural regions can be classified according to different characteristics of the neighborhood (villages, afforestation, meadows, fields). In our study, using statistical analysis CA, a hypothesis about the significance of the influence of the type of neighborhood on the chemical composition of the water of the studied bodies of water situated on soils of high productivity was verified. It was observed that differences between types of environment were related to parameters such as: concentration of K, NO3¯, Mn, Li, Cd, and pH of water. The smallest concentrations of macro- and microelements were characteristic of the water bodies surrounded by trees. The conducted studies and the results of statistical analysis FA and PCA made it possible to reduce the number of main factors affecting water quality to 60%.