A Comparison of Co-Occurrence of Special Forms of Selected Metals in Soil, on the Example of Sycamore, Beech, and Spruce Forest Complexes in Urbanized and Non-Urbanized Regions of Tatra National Park
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Research and Development Center ALAB Laboratories, Ceramiczna, 20-150 Lublin, Poland
Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silesian University of Medicine, Jagiellońska, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
High Resolution Mass Spectrometry Laboratories, Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa, 30-387 Krakow, Poland
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa, 30-387 Krakow, Poland
Submission date: 2023-08-08
Final revision date: 2023-12-15
Acceptance date: 2023-12-21
Online publication date: 2024-04-29
Publication date: 2024-05-23
Corresponding author
Wojciech Piekoszewski   

Zakład Chemii Analitycznej Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Ingardena 3, 30-060, Kraków, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2024;33(4):4273-4282
One of the most important issues considered in ecotoxicology is the elevated accumulation of different elements in soil as a consequence of anthropogenic activities. In this paper, determination of nine elements in soil obtained from three different forest complexes (sycamore, beech, and spruce) in urbanized and non-urbanized regions of Tatra National Park is presented. Additionally, a comprehensive presentation of detailed results of correlation analyses between individual elements in accordance to each valley, as well as to selected species of trees, is shown.
Speciation studies included chemical forms of the following elements: Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr, Co. Soil extracts were obtained in accordance with Rudd’s methodology and all species were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). The study compares the content of selected chemical forms (exchangeable and adsorbed, organic solutions and carbonates) of chosen metals in soil of four valleys of Tatra National Park: Chochołowska, Strążyska, Mała Łąka, and Kościeliska. The first three (group A) are considered as non-urbanized areas, whereas the last four (group B), on the account of many home fireplaces located there, as urbanized areas.
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