Knowledge and Perception of Secondary School Students in Belgrade about Earthquakes as Natural Disasters
Vladimir M. Cvetković1, Slavoljub Dragićević2, Marina Petrović3, Saša Mijalković1, Vladimir Jakovljević4, Jasmina Gačić4
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1The Academy of Criminalistics and Police Studies, Cara Dušana 196, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2Faculty of Geography, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 3/III, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, Kamenička 6, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
4Faculty of Security, University of Belgrade, Gospodara Vučića 50, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Submission date: 2015-02-05
Final revision date: 2015-03-09
Acceptance date: 2015-03-15
Publication date: 2015-07-27
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2015;24(4):1553–1561
The aim of this quantitative research is to determine the perception and actual knowledge of secondary school students in the Belgrade region with respect to earthquakes as a natural disaster and security threat, and to identify the factors that influence their knowledge and perceptions. The authors used a method of surveying students to identify and describe the factors that influence student knowledge and perceptions about earthquakes. For the purpose of this research, a sample of 3,063 students was drawn from the total population of secondary school students in Belgrade (65,561 students), which equates to 4.67% of the population. The results show that the sources of information on natural disasters and their threatening consequences influence the perceptions of secondary school students. In view of the evident lack of education about natural disasters in Serbia, the results of this study can be used when creating a strategy for educational programs. This research is the first step in developing and realizing a future strategy for natural disaster management by informing and including public (school population), scientific, and administrative communities in the process.