Potential Toxicity in Crucian Carp Following Exposure to Metallic Nanoparticles of Copper, Chromium, and Their Mixtures: A Comparative Study
Yuxuan Liu, Zhenhua Yan, Jun Xia, Kun Wang, Xin Ling, Bingcheng Yan
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Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resources Development of Shallow Lakes of the Ministry of Education,
College of the Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
Submission date: 2017-01-22
Final revision date: 2017-03-01
Acceptance date: 2017-03-01
Online publication date: 2017-08-24
Publication date: 2017-09-28
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(5):2085–2094
Although study of the toxicity of metallic nanoparticles in aquatic organisms is increasing, there is still little known about their combined toxicity, especially in a comparative and integrated approach. The objective of this study is to compare the toxicity of copper nanoparticles (CuNP), chromium nanoparticles (CrNP), and their mixtures to crucian carp (Carassius auratus) through a comprehensive approach. A high median lethal concentration of CuNP (390.75 mg/L) and CrNP (551.03 mg/L) was calculated from the acute toxicity, indicative of low toxicity to crucian carp. After exposure for 10 d at sublethal concentrations, several biomarker responses, including the activities of brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE), gill sodium/ potassium-activated ATP (Na+/K+-ATP), liver superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) were significantly inhibited by all nanoparticles in most cases, implying the neurotoxicity, osmoregulatory toxicity, and oxidative damage of metallic nanoparticles. Thereafter, the integrated biomarker response version 2 (IBRv2) integrating all biomarker responses was applied to compare the toxicity, and therefore the toxicity order was tentatively proposed as: the mixtures ≈ CuNP>CrNP, suggesting a synergistic effect in the mixtures. The findings will help to understand the ecological impacts of metallic nanoparticles in an aquatic environment in a more complete and accurate picture.