Preparing γ-Cyclodextrin-Immobilized Starch and the Study of its Removal Properties to Dyestuff from Wastewater
Zhang Hao 1,2  
,   Zhang Yi 2  
,   Cheng Bowen 1  
,   Li Yaxing 2  
,   Zhou Sheng 2  
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State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, P.R. China
School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, P.R. China
Submission date: 2018-03-02
Final revision date: 2018-04-13
Acceptance date: 2018-04-17
Online publication date: 2019-01-18
Publication date: 2019-02-18
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(3):1701–1711
A novel natural polymeric adsorbing material γ-cyclodextrin immobilized starch (CS- γCD) was prepared by introducing host functional molecule γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) into starch, using epichlorohydrin (ECH) as a cross-linking agent and sodium hydroxide as a catalyst, via the aqueous-phase synthesis method. The γ-cyclodextrin content in CS-γCD was up to 8.15% determined by the bromocresol green (BCG) hyperchromic spectrophotometric method. The structures of CS-γCD were characterized by infrared spectrum (FT-IR), 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (13C-NMR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). We investigated the adsorption performances and kinetics of CS-γCD to three different kinds of dyestuff including methylene blue (MB), methyl purple (MP), and congo red (CR). The results showed the adsorbing capacities of CS-γCD to three kinds of dyes had obviously increased compared with native starch and diatomite, and the CS-γCD was also found to have a significant advantage in adsorption of macro-molecule dye such as CR over other adsorbing materials. The adsorption behaviors of CS-γCD on the three dyestuffs could be better described by a Langmuir model (R2>0.99), but also had relatively high correlation to Freundlich model. The pseudo second-order model could better describe the adsorption behaviors. The CS-γCD could be enzymolysised, while its degradation rate was much lower than native starch, which indicated that CS-γCD had a relatively higher structural stability and longer service life, these characters could be beneficial for the popularization and application of CS-γCD in fields of wastewater treatment and environment remediation.