Quantifying the Generated and Percolated Leachate through a Landfill’s Lining System in Gaza Strip, Palestine
Taher Abunama1, Faridah Othman1, Tamer Alslaibi2, Motasem Abualqumboz3
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1Department of Civil Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Civil Engineering, University of Palestine, Gaza Strip, Palestine
3Department of Civil Engineering, University of Petronas, Perak, Malaysia
Submission date: 2017-03-12
Final revision date: 2017-05-13
Acceptance date: 2017-05-15
Online publication date: 2017-10-09
Publication date: 2017-11-07
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2017;26(6):2455–2461
Landfills are one of the main soil and groundwater pollution sources in Gaza Strip/Palestine. By addressing Deir Al Balah landfill, this study aims to quantify the generated and percolated leachate quantities through the landfill’s lining system toward the groundwater aquifer. Leachate volumes have been quantified using two different approaches, namely the hydraulic evaluation of landfill performance (HELP) model and the water balance method (WBM), and then compared with the measured quantities by the landfill’s management. Results of the HELP model showed that the average annual generated leachate volumes were 8,087 m3 from 1997 to 2014, while the average annual percolated leachate volumes were 717 m3, which represented 8.9% of the generated leachate amounts. However, WBM results for the average annual leachate during the same period were 7,568 m3. The landfill’s leachate was mainly originated from the moisture content of the dumped wastes, whereas the rest came from the infiltration of the rainfall and re-circulated leachate. The cumulative modelled leachate amounts by HELP model and WBM were close, and with a difference percentage of 6.6%. However, both methods’ results were higher than the measured leachate amounts. In conclusion, suitable mitigation measures are required to minimise the potential threats on to groundwater due to leachate percolation.