Recent Advances on Renewable Energies and Carbon Capture
Kaize Zhang 1  
,   Juqin Shen 1  
,   Jinglai Zhang 2  
,   Han Han 1  
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School of Business, Hohai University, Nanjing, China
Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan University, Kaifeng, China
Jinglai Zhang   

Henan University, No. 85, Minglun Street, 475001 Kaifeng, China
Submission date: 2018-06-14
Final revision date: 2018-07-13
Acceptance date: 2018-07-23
Online publication date: 2019-03-05
Publication date: 2019-04-09
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2019;28(4):2541–2552
In recent years, environmental pollution caused by excessive exploitation and utilization of the Earth’s fossil fuels, extreme exploitation of land resources, and excessive emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) has caused people to think about how to reduce CO2 emissions and capture the existing CO2 in the atmosphere. The reduction of CO2 emissions can be summarized into two aspects. Firstly, people could use renewable energy to provide energy support for economic and social development. These renewable energies mainly include solar energy; wind energy, hydro, and marine energies; geothermal energy; and biomass energy. The second aspect is the sequestration and conversion of CO2. CO2 is also a form of carbon resource that can be a favorable alternative to traditional carbon resources. The utilization of CO2 can solve both environmental pollution and depletion of traditional carbon resources at the same time. In this paper, the development of five renewable energy sources and their applications in China were discussed, and the methods of effective sequestration and conversion of CO2 were presented. Energy and environment are closely related to the development of modern society. The problems caused by excessive CO2 emissions cannot be ignored and the sequestration of the greenhouse effect requires joint efforts of mankind.