Sediment Quality Assessment in Porsuk Stream Basin (Turkey) from a Multi-Statistical Perspective
Esengül Köse1, Özgür Emiroğlu2, Arzu Çiçek3, Cem Tokatli4, Sercan Başkurt2, Sadi Aksu2
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1Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir Vocational School, Department of Environmental Protection and Control,
Eskişehir, Turkey
2Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Eskişehir, Turkey
3Anadolu University, Applied Environmental Research Centre, Eskişehir, Turkey
4Trakya University, İpsala Vocational School, Department of Laboratory Technology, İpsala/Edirne, Turkey
Submission date: 2017-04-13
Final revision date: 2017-07-27
Acceptance date: 2017-07-27
Online publication date: 2018-01-15
Publication date: 2018-01-26
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2018;27(2):747–752
Porsuk Stream Basin is a significant aquatic habitat located in the middle of the Aegean and Central Anatolian Regions of Turkey. Similar to may aquatic habitats, it is exposed to intensive agricultural, domestic, and industrial pollution. The aim of this study was to determine the toxic element levels in Porsuk Stream Basin sediment and evaluate the detected data using a multi-statistical technique. For this purpose, sediment samples were collected from 18 stations selected on the basin (three of them located on Porsuk Dam Lake) in summer 2015, and zinc, copper, lead, cadmium, nickel, and chromium accumulations in sediment samples were determined. All the detected data were compared with the consensus-based threshold effect concentrations (TEC), and factor analysis (FA) also was applied to detected data in order to evaluate the contamination grades in the basin. According to detected data, although Cu, Pb, and Cd concentrations were detected below the limit values, Zn, Cr, and Ni concentrations exceeded the limit values in general. According to results of FA, 3 factors – industrial, agricultural, and lead – explained 81.56% of the total variance.