The First Report about the Presence of Cyanobacterial Toxins in Polish Lakes
A.K.M.Kabzinski1, R. Juszczak1, E. Miekos1, M. Tarczynska2, K. Sivonen3, J. Rapala3
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1 University of Lodz, Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry,
Chromatography, Biochromatography and Environmental Analysis Laboratory,
Narutowicza 68, 90-136, Lodz, Poland
2 University of Lodz, Department of Applied Ecology,
Banacha 12/16, 90-237, Lodz, Poland
3 University of Helsinki, Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology,
Helsinki; Finland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2000;9(3):171-178
The occurence of toxic freshwater blooms of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) has been reported in many countries. These toxic water blooms have caused the deaths of domestic animals and wildlife. Cyanobacteria may produce acute toxins such as hepatotoxic peptides (microcystins, nodularins and cylindrospermopsin) and neuro-toxic alkaloids (anatoxin-a, anatoxin-a(s), homoanatoxin and aphanotoxins). Very important toxins are microcystins (MCYST) with high biological activities and wide distribution all over the world. They have been produced by Microcystis, Oscillatoria, Anabaena and Nostoc. All MCYST can play the role of tumor-promoting activators.
This paper for the first time presents results showing the presence of microcystin hepatotoxin in Polish lakes and drinking water.
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