Using Selected Types of Waste to Produce New Light Ceramic Material
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The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Faculty of Engineering and Technical Sciences in Stalowa Wola, ul. Kwiatkowskiego 3a, 37-450 Stalowa Wola, Poland
Cracow University of Technology, Department of Environmental Technologies, ul. Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland
Rzeszow University of Technology, Department of Mechanics and Technology, ul. Kwiatkowskiego 4, 37-450 Stalowa Wola, Poland
Submission date: 2020-05-29
Final revision date: 2020-08-17
Acceptance date: 2020-08-18
Online publication date: 2021-01-28
Publication date: 2021-03-08
Corresponding author
Anna Monika Gronba-Chyła   

Faculty of Engineering and Technical Sciences in Stalowa Wola,, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin,, Kwiatkowskiego 3a, 37-450, Stalowa Wola, Poland
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(3):2073–2083
The article presents research on the possibility of using troublesome waste such as: sewage sludge, mineral fraction of municipal waste <10 mm, stabilizer after mechanical-biological processing (MBP), carbon waste, glass - as a flux in the production of new light ceramic materials. Clay was used as the basis of the material. In order to determine the possibility of using individual materials to produce a ceramic material, the oxide composition of individual components was examined using the XRF method. XRF analysis showed the presence of quartz and aluminosilicates in the materials, which makes it possible to use these wastes to produce new materials. Then the waste was ground in a ball mill and mixed in different proportions by adding water and three different materials were obtained. Material A: clay, sewage sludge, waste water, glass. Material B: clay, mineral fraction of waste <10 mm, flotation waste, glass. Material C: clay, stabilizer after mechanical-biological processing, post-mining waste, glass. The materials were subjected to strength and absorbability tests. The most stable was Material B. The highest variability of properties was observed in Material A. On the other hand, a high heterogeneity was observed in Material C. The bulk density for all materials was 658kg/m3 on average.