Vertical Distribution Characteristics of Outdoor Particles Concentrations in High-Rise Buildings
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School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, No.13 Yanta Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Submission date: 2020-05-11
Final revision date: 2020-08-06
Acceptance date: 2020-08-11
Online publication date: 2020-12-03
Publication date: 2021-02-05
Corresponding author
Xin Zhang   

School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, China
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2021;30(2):1913-1922
With speeding up urbanization in China, it is important to understand the vertical distribution characteristics of outdoor particulate matter concentrations of high-rise buildings. A high-rise building at different heights (1st, 7th, 11th, 17th, 23th, and 27th floors) in a university in Xi’an was tested and analyzed in this paper. Test time was 8:00, 12:00, 15:00, 15:00 and 22:00, respectively. The results showed that the concentration of each particulate matter changed the same trend roughly with the increase of vertical height at 8:00 and 22:00, as well as at 15:00 and 18:00. While the mass concentration of each particle showed a trend of first increased, then decreased and next then increased with the height increased when the time was 12:00. It caused by the inverse temperature. The particles between 0 and 1.0 μm accounted for more than 99.4% during the testing. There were mainly small particles in the atmosphere. PM1.0/PM10 and PM2.5/PM10 all showed a trend of first decreased and then increased at different vertical height. The highest points of PM2.5/PM10 and PM1.0/PM10 increased by 9.63% and 8.2% respectively from the lowest points, and the ratio was the highest at 15:00. At the same time, outdoor meteorological conditions would also affect the concentration distribution of particulate matters. This paper provides a reference for the development of high-rise buildings and the effective control of particulate matter concentration in high-rise buildings.
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