Water Conservation and Nitrogen Loading Reduction Effects with Controlled and Mid-Gathering Irrigation in a Paddy Field
Yuanyuan Li1,2,3, Xiaohou Shao1,2, Zhuping Sheng3, Wenlu Guan1,2, Menghua Xiao4
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1Key Laboratory of Effi cient Irrigation-Drainage and Agricultural Soil-Water Environment in Southern China,
Hohai University, 210098, China
2College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower, Hohai University, Nanjing, 210098, China
3Texas AgriLife Research Center at El Paso, Texas A&M University, 79927, USA
4Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, China
Submission date: 2016-01-08
Final revision date: 2016-02-17
Acceptance date: 2016-02-17
Publication date: 2016-05-25
Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2016;25(3):1085–1091
Rice is a widely cultivated crop in China and needs a large quantity of water during its entire growth period. Many water-saving irrigation techniques have been developed and widely applied to conserve water in paddy fi elds in recent years. A controlled and mid-gathering irrigation (CMI) regime is one of them, of which the main feature is to maximize the use of rainwater different from the others. The objective of this study was to assess and verify the water conservation and nitrogen pollution reduction effects of CMI in comparison with a conventional irrigation (CVI) regime. Results showed that the CMI method had potential for water conservation by reducing total irrigation amount and irrigation frequency and making better utilization of rainwater during the rice growth stage. By making use of irrigation water more effi ciently, CMI showed higher irrigation water use effi ciency and rainfall use effi ciency. CMI can also reduce nitrogen pollution emitted to the water system by reducing the pollutant discharge rather than the pollutant concentration during a storm event. However, the irrigation regime’s effect on pollutant loading reduction was not as signifi cant as fertilizer according to experiment results. Thus, the controlled and mid-gathering irrigation regime was favorable for water conservation and reducing emissions of non-point source pollution.